noun, plural ec·chy·mo·ses [ek-uh-moh-seez] . Pathology. a discoloration due to extravasation of blood, as in a bruise.
Ecchymosis occurs when blood leaks from a broken capillary into surrounding tissue under the skin. This causes discoloration. Hematomas may appear raised, while patches of ecchymosis are flat. Bruises are typically caused by an injury, such as a fall or a knock, while ecchymosis is not always a result of trauma.
Likewise, what is the plural of ecchymosis? The plural form of ecchymosis is ecchymoses.
Keeping this in view, what is ecchymosis caused by?
Ecchymosis is usually caused by an injury, such as a bump, blow, or fall. This impact may cause a blood vessel to burst open leaking blood under the skin, creating a bruise.
What does ecchymosis look like?
Ecchymosis is a collection of blood under the skin. Blood leaks from blood vessels and collects in nearby tissues. Ecchymosis may appear as a large red, blue, or purple area of skin. You may also have pain or swelling in the area.
What is it called when you bruise easily?
Easy bruising overview Bruising (ecchymosis) happens when small blood vessels (capillaries) under the skin break. This causes bleeding within skin tissues. Most of us get bruises from bumping into something from time to time.
What drugs can cause purpura?
Drug-induced thrombocytopenic purpura is a skin condition result from a low platelet count due to drug-induced anti-platelet antibodies caused by drugs such as heparin, sulfonamines, digoxin, quinine, and quinidine.
Should I rub a bruise?
Given that the area is in pain, you might want to massage it — resist the urge. Touching or massaging the bruise may actually resulting in more broken blood vessels and a worse-looking bruise.
How do you describe ecchymosis?
The term ecchymosis describes a flat, blue or purple patch measuring 1 centimeter (cm) or more in diameter. The name is often used interchangeably with purpura or bruising, though this is somewhat mistaken. Ecchymosis occurs when blood leaks from a broken capillary into surrounding tissue under the skin.
What is the medical term for bruising?
Bruise: Injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. In the skin it can be seen as a reddish-purple discoloration that does not blanch when pressed. When a bruise fades, it becomes green and brown, as the body metabolizes the blood cells in the skin.
How do you treat ecchymosis at home?
The following treatments can be done at home: Ice therapy. Apply ice immediately after the injury to reduce blood flow around the area. Heat. You can apply heat to boost circulation and increase blood flow. Compression. Wrap the bruised area in an elastic bandage. Elevation. Arnica. Vitamin K cream. Aloe vera. Vitamin C.
What is difference between bruise and hematoma?
Both bruises and hematomas result when blood leaks outside of blood vessels after a trauma. Hematomas tend to occur deep inside the body where damage is not visible, while bruises tend to be quite visible. Bruises result from small leaks from smaller blood vessels.
Why do I bruise so easily?
Easy bruising can occur when the blood vessels are weakened by diseases (such as scurvy), medications (such as aspirin, prednisone, and prednisolone), and aging. Easy bruising can also occur because of absent or deficient blood-clotting elements.
What does Ecchymotic mean?
An ecchymosis is a subcutaneous spot of bleeding with diameter larger than 1 centimetre (0.39 in). A broader definition of ecchymosis is the escape of blood into the tissues from ruptured blood vessels. The term also applies to the subcutaneous discoloration resulting from seepage of blood within the contused tissue.
What causes blood vessels to break under the skin?
When a blood vessel bursts, a small amount of blood escapes from the vessel into the body. This blood may show up just beneath the surface of the skin. Blood vessels can burst for many reasons, but it usually happens as a result of an injury.
What medications cause bleeding under the skin?
Common medications that can increase the risk of bleeding and bruising include: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen and diclofenac. blood-thinning medications and anticoagulants such as aspirin, clopidogrel, apixaban, rivaroxaban, warfarin, and heparin. systemic or topical corticosteroids.
Why is my eyelid black and blue?
Symptoms. A black eye causes swelling and black-and-blue discoloration of the eyelids and soft tissues around the eye. This discoloration most likely is caused by a condition called a subconjunctival hemorrhage, which means a small blood vessel in the eye breaks and bleeds.
Why do I get blood marks on my skin?
Purpura occurs when small blood vessels burst, causing blood to pool under the skin. Purpura spots are generally benign, but may indicate a more serious medical condition, such as a blood clotting disorder. Sometimes, low platelet levels can cause excessive bruising and bleeding.
What is the difference between petechiae and purpura?
Petechiae are small (1–3 mm), red, nonblanching macular lesions caused by intradermal capillary bleeding (Figure 181-1). Purpura are larger, typically raised lesions resulting from bleeding within the skin (Figures 181-2 and 181-3). Similar to petechiae, purpura do not blanch and may occur anywhere on the body.