What is German subjunctive?

The German Subjunctive. In German the subjunctive is called the Konjunktiv and there are two of them. Konjunktiv I—which is formed differently from its younger brother Konjunktiv II—is used chiefly for reporting indirect speech and old fashioned commands. Konjunktiv II is where the magic happens.

The Subjunctive I is almost always found in the third-person form: er habe (he has), sie sei (she is), er komme (he’s coming), or sie wisse (she knows). This -e ending (except for “to be”) rather than the normal -t ending in the German third person is your clue to indirect quotation.

Also Know, what is SEI in German? The most frequently used verb in German is “sein” which is the infinitive form of “to be”. The imperative form of this in the 2nd person, informal, singular would be “sei”. Like a teacher instructing a child,”sei still/ruhig bitte” (Pl be still or quiet).

Keeping this in view, what is Konjunktiv II in German?

Use Subjunctive II for contrary-to-fact statements: what you would do or would have done, but really aren’t doing/really didn’t do. Present subjunctive can be formed in two ways: “würde + infinitive” or a one-word form based on the simple past form of the verb.

What is the present subjunctive used for?

The subjunctive mood is used to talk about desires, doubts, wishes, conjectures, and possibilities. The indicative mood is used to talk about facts and other statements that are believed to be true and concrete. The imperative mood is used to give commands.

What is the imperfect subjunctive in German?

Its use is important for conveying the idea of conditional or uncertain situations. This is usually expressed in German by what is known as the Subjunctive II (Konjunktiv II), sometimes called the past or imperfect subjunctive — because it is based on the imperfect tense forms of verbs. Now, let’s get down to business.

How do you form the subjunctive?

For most verbs, the present subjunctive is formed by dropping the -o ending from the first person singular yo of the present indicative and adding the present subjunctive endings. The present subjunctive endings are different for –ar verbs (–e, -es, -e, -emos, -en) and –er/-ir verbs (–a, -as, -a, -amos, -an).

What is subjunctive mood in English?

A verb is in the subjunctive mood when it expresses a condition which is doubtful or not factual. It is most often found in a clause beginning with the word if. It is also found in clauses following a verb that expresses a doubt, a wish, regret, request, demand, or proposal.

What is the difference between Konjunktiv 1 and 2?

Konjunktiv 2 can be used to express doubt about something. While Konj. 1 is used to echo, as neutral as possible, what someone else said, Konj. 2 can be used to indicate that you are doubting the truth of what someone else said.

What is the conditional tense in German?

The conditional tense is formed with the stem würde-, which comes from the verb werden. This is then used together with the main verb in the infinitive , which is placed at the end of the sentence or main clause . Like all German verbs, the ending of würde- changes depending on the subject of the verb.

What does the past subjunctive mean?

Past subjunctive is a term in traditional grammar for the use of were in a clause that expresses an unreal or hypothetical condition in present, past, or future time (for example, “If I were you . . .”).

What are the modal verbs in German?

The modal verbs in German are dürfen (be allowed to/may), können (be able to/can), mögen (to like/may), müssen (to have to/must), sollen (to ought to/should) and wollen (to want to). Modal verbs express ability, necessity, obligation, permission or possibility.

What is conjunctive in German?

In German the subjunctive is called the Konjunktiv and there are two of them. Konjunktiv I—which is formed differently from its younger brother Konjunktiv II—is used chiefly for reporting indirect speech and old fashioned commands.

What is Präteritum Konjunktiv?

Other Verb Tenses of Konjunktiv II As we have seen, the Konjunktiv II is problematic in that it is not normally distinguishable from the Präteritum which is why the auxiliary verb werden is used to construct an alternative form (Würde + Infinitive). The solution to this problem is to once again use an auxiliary verb.

How do you use Sie in German?

We use “Sie” (when we talk to strangers, our boss, waiters, authority figures like police officers or in general when we talk to people who we don’t know so well. We use the word “du” when we talk to people who we know very well for example our friends and family and we use it when we talk to kids.

What are the 5 verb moods?

These moods are: indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive. Indicative. Indicative indicates a state of factuality or states something that is happening in reality. Imperative. Imperative is a command. Interrogative. Interrogative asks a question. Conditional. Subjunctive.

What is an example of a subjunctive?

Easy Examples of the Subjunctive Mood I wish it were real. (As this expresses a wish, was becomes were.) It is imperative that the game begin at once. (As this expresses a demand, begins becomes begin.) I propose he work full time.

What is the imperfect subjunctive in English?

The imperfect tense of the subjunctive expresses potential action or non-factual action from the viewpoint of the past tense. In Latin, the imperfect subjunctive is almost always used in a subordinate clause; there is no hortatory subjunctive which uses the imperfect tense.