What types of infectious agents are teratogens?

Teratogenic agents include infectious agents (rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella, herpes simplex, toxoplasma, syphilis, etc.); physical agents (ionizing agents, hyperthermia); maternal health factors (diabetes, maternal PKU); environmental chemicals (organic mercury compounds, polychlorinated biphenyl or PCB,

Teratogens are classified into four types: physical agents, metabolic conditions, infection, and finally, drugs and chemicals. The word teratogen originates from the Greek word for monster, teratos.

what are teratogenic agents? Teratogenic drugs: A teratogen is an agent that can disturb the development of the embryo or fetus. Teratogens halt the pregnancy or produce a congenital malformation (a birth defect). Classes of teratogens include radiation, maternal infections, chemicals, and drugs.

Also to know is, what are the most common teratogens?

Known Teratogens

  • angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as Zestril and Prinivil.
  • alcohol.
  • aminopterin.
  • androgens, such as methyltestosterone (Android)
  • busulfan (Myleran)
  • carbamazepine (Tegretol)
  • chlorobiphenyls.
  • cocaine.

What are the two most dangerous teratogens?

The most common malformations include craniofacial dysmorphisms, cleft palate, thymic aplasia, and neural tube defects. The tranquilizer thalidomide is one of the most famous and notorious teratogens.

Is coffee a teratogen?

In humans, caffeine does not present any teratogenic risk. The increased risk of the most common congenital malformations entailed by moderate consumption of caffeine is very slight.

Is aspirin a teratogen?

Aspirin has not been formally assigned to pregnancy category by the FDA. Aspirin use in pregnancy has been associated with alterations in both maternal and fetal hemostasis. In addition, high doses have been associated with increased perinatal mortality, intrauterine growth retardation, and teratogenic effects.

What are 3 examples of teratogens?

Other examples of teratogens found in the environment and in extraordinary circumstances can include metals, chemicals, radiation, and even heat. Examples of these teratogens can include mercury, potassium iodide, nuclear fallout radiation, and even high-temperature hot tubs!

Is smoking a teratogen?

Types of Teratogens Perhaps the two most important teratogens today are alcohol and smoking. They are among the leading preventable causes of birth defects and developmental disabilities. Infectious Agents: Rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella, herpes simplex, toxoplasma, syphilis, etc.

Is stress a teratogen?

Maternal psychological stress has essentially been conceptualized as a teratogen, that is, an agent that can generate deleterious perinatal and/or developmental outcomes.

Is alcohol a teratogen?

One teratogen that affects the central nervous system is alcohol. Alcohol, at any time during the pregnancy, has the potential to cause birth defects and health problems in the baby, since the central nervous system is sensitive to teratogens the entire nine months of gestation.

What is the most critical stage of pregnancy?

The first trimester is the most critical time in your pregnancy. Although the fetus at the end of three months is only about 4 inches long and weighs less than 1 ounce, all of its functions have begun to form — major organs and nervous system, heartbeat, arms, fingers, legs, toes, hair, and buds for future teeth.

How can you prevent teratogens?

For a few birth defects, you may be able to decrease your risk by taking certain steps: See your doctor before getting pregnant. Know your risk factors. Take a daily multivitamin before and during pregnancy. Maintain a healthy weight. Use medications wisely. Take care of medical conditions before pregnancy.

What are the two most common teratogens?

Teratogenic agents include infectious agents (rubella, cytomegalovirus, varicella, herpes simplex, toxoplasma, syphilis, etc.); physical agents (ionizing agents, hyperthermia); maternal health factors (diabetes, maternal PKU); environmental chemicals (organic mercury compounds, polychlorinated biphenyl or PCB,

Which stage of pregnancy is most susceptible to teratogens?

The fetus is most susceptible in the 3rd–8th weeks of pregnancy during organogenesis in the embryonic period; after 8 weeks, growth and function are affected. The earlier the exposure to the teratogenic agent in utero, the more severe the defects are in the embryo/fetus.

Why do teratogens cause birth defects?

Teratogens are substances or other factors that can cause congenital abnormalities, which are also called birth defects. Examples of teratogens include certain chemicals, medications, and infections or other diseases in the mother.

What products contain teratogens?

Some of the most well-known teratogens include alcohol, nicotine, and ibuprofen. Teratogenic agents are everywhere nowadays, from the air we breathe to the foods we eat. These include prescription medications, recreational drugs (like marijuana), chemical exposures, and infections of the mother.

What are not teratogens?

A non-teratogenic agent is one which does not cause birth defects.

Is Mercury a teratogen?

Methylmercury (MeHg) is an organic form of mercury that can damage the developing brains of human fetuses. Women who consume methylmercury during pregnancy can bear children who have neurological issues because methylmercury has toxic effects on the nervous system during embryonic development.